Elementary Number Theory: Primes, Congruences, and Secrets
by William Stein
Publisher: Springer 2004
Number of pages: 166
This is a textbook about prime numbers, congruences, basic public-key cryptography, quadratic reciprocity, continued fractions, elliptic curves, and number theory algorithms. We assume the reader has some familiarity with groups, rings, and fields, and some programming experience. This book grew out of an undergraduate course that the author taught at Harvard University in 2001 and 2002.
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by Allen Hatcher - Cornell University
An introductory textbook on elementary number theory from a geometric point of view, as opposed to the strictly algebraic approach. A fair amount of the book is devoted to studying Conway's topographs associated to quadratic forms in two variables.
by Waclaw Sierpinski - ICM
The variety of topics covered here includes divisibility, diophantine equations, prime numbers, the basic arithmetic functions, congruences, the quadratic reciprocity law, expansion of real numbers into decimal fractions, and more.
by Wissam Raji - The Saylor Foundation
These are notes for an undergraduate course in number theory. Proofs of basic theorems are presented in an interesting and comprehensive way that can be read and understood even by non-majors. The exercises broaden the understanding of the concepts.
by Leo Moser - The Trillia Group
The book on elementary number theory: compositions and partitions, arithmetic functions, distribution of primes, irrational numbers, congruences, Diophantine equations; combinatorial number theory, and geometry of numbers.