by Johan Håstad
Number of pages: 130
The main idea of the course has been to give the broad picture of modern complexity theory. To define the basic complexity classes, give some examples of each complexity class and to prove the most standard relations. The set of notes does not contain the amount of detail wanted from a text book. I have taken the liberty of skipping many boring details and tried to emphasize the ideas involved in the proofs. Probably in many places more details would be helpful and I would he grateful for hints on where this is the case. Most of the notes are at a fairly introductory level but some of the section contain more advanced material. This is in particular true for the section on pseudorandom number generators and the proof that IP = PSPACE. Anyone getting stuck in these parts of the notes should not be disappointed.
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by Tim Roughgarden - Stanford University
The two biggest goals of the course are: 1. Learn several canonical problems that have proved the most useful for proving lower bounds; 2. Learn how to reduce lower bounds for fundamental algorithmic problems to communication complexity lower bounds.
This book is intended as an introductory textbook in Computability Theory and Complexity Theory, with an emphasis on Formal Languages. Its target audience is CS and Math students with some background in programming and data structures.
by Sanjeev Arora, Boaz Barak - Cambridge University Press
The book provides an introduction to basic complexity classes, lower bounds on resources required to solve tasks on concrete models such as decision trees or circuits, derandomization and pseudorandomness, proof complexity, quantum computing, etc.
by Ian Parberry - Prentice Hall
The rapid growth of parallel complexity theory has led to a proliferation of parallel machine models. This book presents a unified theory of parallel computation based on a network model. It is the first such synthesis in book form.