Geometry with an Introduction to Cosmic Topology
by Mike Hitchman
Number of pages: 177
This text develops non-Euclidean geometry and geometry on surfaces at a level appropriate for undergraduate students who have completed a multivariable calculus course and are ready for a course in which to practice habits of thought needed in advanced courses of the undergraduate mathematics curriculum. The text is also suited to independent study.
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by John William Withers - Open Court Publishing Co.
The parallel postulate is the only distinctive characteristic of Euclid. To pronounce upon its validity and general philosophical significance without endeavoring to know what Non-Euclideans have done would be an inexcusable blunder ...
by Julian Lowell Coolidge - Oxford At The Clarendon Press
Chapters include: Foundation For Metrical Geometry In A Limited Region; Congruent Transformations; Introduction Of Trigonometric Formulae; Analytic Formulae; Consistency And Significance Of The Axioms; Geometric And Analytic Extension Of Space; etc.
by Roberto Bonola - Open Court Publishing Company
Examines various attempts to prove Euclid's parallel postulate - by the Greeks, Arabs and Renaissance mathematicians. It considers forerunners and founders such as Saccheri, Lambert, Legendre, Gauss, Schweikart, Taurinus, J. Bolyai and Lobachewsky.
by Horatio Scott Carslaw - Longmans, Green and co.
In this book the author has attempted to treat the Elements of Non-Euclidean Plane Geometry and Trigonometry in such a way as to prove useful to teachers of Elementary Geometry in schools and colleges. Hyperbolic and elliptic geometry are covered.