Computability, Unsolvability, Randomness
by Stephen G. Simpson
Publisher: The Pennsylvania State University 2009
Number of pages: 151
I exposit Turing's 1936 theory of computability and unsolvability, as subsequently developed by Kleene and Post. This theory is of the essence in theoretical computer science and in the study of unsolvable mathematical problems. Second, I provide an introductory account of a research area which is currently very active: algorithmic randomness and Kolmogorov complexity.
Home page url
Download or read it online for free here:
by Wilfried Sieg - Carnegie Mellon University
Computability is the basic theoretical concept for computer science, artificial intelligence and cognitive science. This essay discusses, at its heart, methodological issues that are central to any theory that is to reflect parts of our experience.
by Dag Normann - The University of Oslo
This text is consisting of two parts, Classical Computability Theory and Generalized Computability Theory. We assume that the reader is familiar with the standard vocabulary of logic and set theory, but no advanced background from logic is required.
by Andre Nies - Oxford University Press
Covering the basics as well as recent research results, this book provides an introduction to the interface of computability and randomness for graduates and researchers in computability theory, theoretical computer science, and measure theory.
This book is intended as an introductory textbook in Computability Theory and Complexity Theory, with an emphasis on Formal Languages. Its target audience is CS and Math students with some background in programming and data structures.