Proofs and Concepts: the fundamentals of abstract mathematics
by Dave Witte Morris, Joy Morris
Publisher: University of Lethbridge 2009
Number of pages: 220
This free undergraduate textbook provides an introduction to proofs, logic, sets, functions, and other fundamental topics of abstract mathematics. It is designed to be the textbook for a bridge course that introduces undergraduates to abstract mathematics, but it is also suitable for independent study by undergraduates (or mathematically mature high-school students), or for use as a very inexpensive supplement to undergraduate courses in any field of abstract mathematics.
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by Jim Hefferon - Saint Michael's College
Introduction to Proofs is a Free undergraduate text. It is inquiry-based, sometimes called the Moore method or the discovery method. It consists of a sequence of exercises, statements for students to prove, along with a few definitions and remarks.
by Martin Day - Virginia Tech
The book helps students make the transition from freshman-sophomore calculus to more proof-oriented upper-level mathematics courses. Another goal is to train students to read more involved proofs they may encounter in textbooks and journal articles.
by Patrick Keef, David Guichard, Russ Gordon - Whitman College
Contents: Logic (Logical Operations, De Morgan's Laws, Logic and Sets); Proofs (Direct Proofs, Existence proofs, Mathematical Induction); Number Theory (The Euclidean Algorithm); Functions (Injections and Surjections, Cardinality and Countability).
by Elias Zakon - The Trillia Group
The book will help students complete the transition from purely manipulative to rigorous mathematics. It covers basic set theory, induction, quantifiers, functions and relations, equivalence relations, properties of the real numbers, fields, etc.