Introduction to Computing: Explorations in Language, Logic, and Machines
by David Evans
Publisher: University of Virginia 2009
Number of pages: 298
This book is a survey introduction to the most important ideas in computing. It focuses on how to describe information processes by defining procedures, how to analyze the costs required to carry out a procedure, and the fundamental limits of what can and cannot be computed mechanically.
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by Helene Kirchner, Pierre-Etienne Moreau - ESSLLI
This text first introduces the concept of rewriting which is behind rule-based systems. Then the rewriting logic and the rewriting calculus are defined and shown to be especially suited to describing concurrent and non-deterministic computations.
by V. E. Wolfengagen - JurInfoR
This work covers the advanced topics in main ideas of computing in general. Material is especially useful for the instructor, postgraduate and graduate students of IT-specialties and is suitable for the system of training of specialists.
by Lawrence C Paulson - University of Cambridge
These lecture notes give a brief introduction to logic, with including the resolution method of theorem-proving and its relation to the programming language Prolog. Formal logic is used for specifying and verifying computer systems.
by Roland Backhouse
The book on the fundamental algebraic structures in the mathematics of program construction focusing the algebraic properties of recursion and how these are applied to the generic solution of programming problems. The tutorial covers fixed point calculus.