Introduction to Computing: Explorations in Language, Logic, and Machines
by David Evans
Publisher: University of Virginia 2009
Number of pages: 298
This book is a survey introduction to the most important ideas in computing. It focuses on how to describe information processes by defining procedures, how to analyze the costs required to carry out a procedure, and the fundamental limits of what can and cannot be computed mechanically.
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by C. D. H. Cooper - Macquarie University
This is a text on discrete mathematics. It includes chapters on logic, set theory and strings and languages. There are some chapters on finite-state machines, some chapters on Turing machines and computability, and a couple of chapters on codes.
by Christian P. Robert - arXiv
We will first present the most standard computational challenges met in Bayesian Statistics, focusing primarily on mixture estimation and on model choice issues, and then relate these problems with computational solutions.
by Roland Backhouse
The book on the fundamental algebraic structures in the mathematics of program construction focusing the algebraic properties of recursion and how these are applied to the generic solution of programming problems. The tutorial covers fixed point calculus.
by Lawrence C Paulson - University of Cambridge
These lecture notes give a brief introduction to logic, with including the resolution method of theorem-proving and its relation to the programming language Prolog. Formal logic is used for specifying and verifying computer systems.