Pioneers of Science
by Oliver Lodge
Publisher: Macmillan and co 1905
Number of pages: 421
A collection of 28 lectures on the history and progress of astronomy: Copernicus and the motion of the Earth; Tycho Brahe and the earliest observatory; Kepler and the laws of planetary motion; Galileo and the invention of the telescope; Sir Isaac Newton; Roemer and Bradley and the velocity of light; Herschel and the motion of the fixed stars; Bessel, the distances of the stars and the discovery of the stellar planets; discovery of Neptune; tides and planetary evolution.
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by Nick Kaiser - University of Hawaii
These are the notes for an introductory graduate course. They are meant to be a 'primer' for students embarking on a Ph.D. in astronomy. The level is somewhat shallower than standard textbook courses, but quite a broad range of material is covered.
by Claus Tøndering
An overview of the Christian, Hebrew, Persian, and Islamic calendars in common use. It gives a historical background for the Christian calendar, plus an overview of the French Revolutionary calendar, the Maya calendar, and the Chinese calendar.
by Arturo Chiesa, Raffaele Chiesa - Sky and Sea Software
The outstanding feature of the book is a new method to immediately obtain a fix vessel position by entering the sequences h-t of the sextant altitudes and chronometer time readings of at least two celestial bodies in a programmed computer.
by Luis A. Anchordoqui - arXiv
University level lecture notes: distance measurements by parallax, HR diagram, distance to a star using HR, stellar evolution, the Olbers paradox, the expansion of the universe, gravitational redshift, lookback time, elementary particles, etc.