by Regina Schulte-Ladbeck, at al.
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing 2010
Number of pages: 238
Dwarf galaxies provide opportunities for drawing inferences about the processes in the early universe by observing our "cosmological backyard" -- the Local Group and its vicinity. This special issue of the open-access journal Advances in Astronomy is a snapshot of the current state of the art of dwarf-galaxy cosmology. The issue contains fourteen review papers, and one original research article.
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by Abraham Loeb - arXiv
The first dwarf galaxies, which constitute the building blocks of the collapsed objects we find today, had formed hundreds of millions of years after the big bang. This review describes the early growth of their small-amplitude seed fluctuations.
by V. Avila-Reese - arXiv
The old dream of integrating into one the study of micro and macrocosmos is now a reality. Cosmology, astrophysics, and particle physics intersect in a scenario of cosmic structure formation and evolution called Lambda Cold Dark Matter model.
by Bing Zhang, Peter Meszaros - arXiv
The cosmological gamma-ray burst phenomenon is reviewed. The broad observational facts and empirical relations of the GRB prompt emission and afterglow are outlined. A well-tested fireball shock model is introduced in a pedagogical manner.
by Richard S. Ellis - arXiv
In these lectures aimed for non-specialists, the author reviews progress in understanding how galaxies form and evolve. The first results presented here provide important guidance on how we will use more powerful future facilities.