by Regina Schulte-Ladbeck, at al.
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing 2010
Number of pages: 238
Dwarf galaxies provide opportunities for drawing inferences about the processes in the early universe by observing our "cosmological backyard" -- the Local Group and its vicinity. This special issue of the open-access journal Advances in Astronomy is a snapshot of the current state of the art of dwarf-galaxy cosmology. The issue contains fourteen review papers, and one original research article.
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by Isaac Shlosman - arXiv
I review the subject of the cosmological evolution of galaxies, including different aspects of growth in disk galaxies, by focussing on the angular momentum problem, mergers, and their by-products. I discuss the alternative to merger-driven growth.
by F. Aharonian, A. Bykov, E. Parizot, V. Ptuskin, A. Watson - arXiv
We review sources of cosmic rays, their composition and spectra as well as their propagation in the galactic and extragalactic magnetic fields, both regular and fluctuating. A special attention is paid to the recent results of the observations.
by A. Biviano - arXiv
This is a review of the properties of galaxy systems as determined from optical and infrared measurements. Covered topics are: clusters identification, global cluster properties and their scaling relations, cluster internal structure, etc.
by Chanda J. Jog, Francoise Combes - arXiv
The light distribution in the disks of many galaxies is non-axisymmetric or 'lopsided' with a spatial extent larger along one half of a galaxy than the other. In this review, the observations to measure the lopsided distribution will be discussed.