by Regina Schulte-Ladbeck, at al.
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing 2010
Number of pages: 238
Dwarf galaxies provide opportunities for drawing inferences about the processes in the early universe by observing our "cosmological backyard" -- the Local Group and its vicinity. This special issue of the open-access journal Advances in Astronomy is a snapshot of the current state of the art of dwarf-galaxy cosmology. The issue contains fourteen review papers, and one original research article.
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by Richard S. Ellis - arXiv
In these lectures aimed for non-specialists, the author reviews progress in understanding how galaxies form and evolve. The first results presented here provide important guidance on how we will use more powerful future facilities.
by Bing Zhang, Peter Meszaros - arXiv
The cosmological gamma-ray burst phenomenon is reviewed. The broad observational facts and empirical relations of the GRB prompt emission and afterglow are outlined. A well-tested fireball shock model is introduced in a pedagogical manner.
by Duncan A. Forbes, Ericson D. Lopez - MDPI AG
Galaxy halos provide important clues to the origin and evolution of galaxies. This volume brings together the latest simulations and deep observations of galaxy halos, focusing on the baryonic (star and gas) component of halos.
by J. A. Peacock - arXiv
Basics of inflationary models for the early universe, concentrating on the generation of density fluctuations from scalar-field dynamics. The subsequent gravitational dynamics of these fluctuations in dark matter in a Friedmann model are described.