A Briefer History of Time: From the Big Bang to the Big Mac
by Eric Schulman
Publisher: St. Martin's Press 2004
Number of pages: 207
From the Big Bang to the evolution of humans and the resignation of Richard Nixon, an astronomer offers a highly irreverent, historically entertaining, and scientifically correct overview of the most important cosmic milestones since the beginning of time.
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by George Forbes
This book starts with the ancient Chinese, the Chaldeans, Greeks, and Arabs, then Copernicus and others of the Renaissance, and lastly the 18th and 19th centuries. Topics included are the telescope, the sun, moon, planets and the stars.
by Søren Bertil F. Dorch - Scholarpedia
Encyclopedia of Astrophysics covers cosmology, stellar astrophysics, space exploration, extragalactic astronomy, solar physics, planetary physics, computational astrophysics, and history of astronomy. Written by researchers leading in their field.
by Luis A. Anchordoqui - arXiv
University level lecture notes: distance measurements by parallax, HR diagram, distance to a star using HR, stellar evolution, the Olbers paradox, the expansion of the universe, gravitational redshift, lookback time, elementary particles, etc.
by Nick Kaiser - University of Hawaii
These are the notes for an introductory graduate course. They are meant to be a 'primer' for students embarking on a Ph.D. in astronomy. The level is somewhat shallower than standard textbook courses, but quite a broad range of material is covered.