by Adina Paytan
Publisher: Stanford University 2006
The oceans are in interactive contact with the atmosphere, biosphere and lithosphere and virtually all elements pass through the ocean at some point in their cycles. In this class we will learn about the first-order processes that take place within the sea and affect its chemistry.
Home page url
Download or read it online for free here:
(multiple PDF files)
- National Academies Press
The ocean is the largest biosphere on Earth, covering nearly three-quarters of our planet's surface and occupying a volume of 1.3 billion cubic kilometers. Humankind has entered the 21st century having explored only a small fraction of the ocean.
by J. Hansen, M. Sato, P. Kharecha, K. von Schuckmann - arXiv
Observations of ocean temperature confirm that Earth is absorbing more energy from the sun than it is radiating to space as heat. The energy imbalance provides verification of the dominant role of the human-made greenhouse effect in climate change.
by A. Slunyaev, I. Didenkulova, E. Pelinovsky - arXiv
An overview on the problem of rogue or freak wave formation in the ocean. The matter of the phenomenon is a sporadic occurrence of unexpectedly high waves on the sea surface. This paper addresses to the nature of the rogue wave problem.
by Robert H. Stewart
This is a textbook written for upper-division undergraduates and graduates in meteorology, ocean engineering, and oceanography. The author explains the major conceptual schemes that form the foundation of physical oceanography.