Topics in History and Comparing Programming Languages
by Dennie Van Tassel
Publisher: Gavilan College 2014
Number of pages: 203
This website contains files on the history of computer programming language statements. The files compare programming language statements in several different languages tracing the statement from early languages to present languages.
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by Keijo Ruohonen - Tampere University of Technology
In these notes the classical Chomskian formal language theory is fairly fully dealt with, omitting however much of automata constructs and computability issues. Surveys of Lindenmayer system theory and the mathematical theory of codes are given.
by J. M. Spivey - Prentice Hall
The standard Z notation for specifying and designing software has evolved over the best part of a decade. This an informal but rigorous reference manual is written with the everyday needs of readers and writers of Z specifications in mind.
by Harold Abelson, Gerald Jay Sussman, Julie Sussman - McGraw-Hill
The book teaches how to program by employing the tools of abstraction and modularity. The central philosophy is that programming is the task of breaking large problems into small ones. You will learn how to program and how to think about programming.
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The book presents the typically difficult subject of formal methods in an informal, easy-to-follow manner. Readers with a basic grounding in discreet mathematics will be able to understand the practical applications of these difficult concepts.