History of Astronomy
by George Forbes
This book starts with the ancient Chinese, then goes through the Chaldeans, Greeks, and Arabs, then Copernicus and others of the Renaissance, and lastly the 18th and 19th centuries. There are chapters about the telescope and other instruments, the sun, moon, planets and the stars.
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by Herbert Hall Turner - E. Arnold
The aim of the following pages is to illustrate the variety in character of astronomical discoveries. An attempt has indeed been made to arrange the examples into a rough sequence according to the amount of chance associated with the discovery.
by Robert S. Ball - Isbister
This work enlists the services of men who worked in the field of Astronomy. Robert Stawell Ball has chronicled the lives of all great astronomers and provided glimpses of their personal lives as well as their interests and their era.
by Luis A. Anchordoqui - arXiv
University level lecture notes: distance measurements by parallax, HR diagram, distance to a star using HR, stellar evolution, the Olbers paradox, the expansion of the universe, gravitational redshift, lookback time, elementary particles, etc.
by Nick Kaiser - University of Hawaii
These are the notes for an introductory graduate course. They are meant to be a 'primer' for students embarking on a Ph.D. in astronomy. The level is somewhat shallower than standard textbook courses, but quite a broad range of material is covered.