History of Astronomy
by George Forbes
This book starts with the ancient Chinese, then goes through the Chaldeans, Greeks, and Arabs, then Copernicus and others of the Renaissance, and lastly the 18th and 19th centuries. There are chapters about the telescope and other instruments, the sun, moon, planets and the stars.
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by Kenneth R. Koehler - University of Cincinnati
Table of contents: Distance vs. Direction; Electromagnetic Waves; Astronomical Observation; The Solar System; The Sun; Stellar Populations; Elementary Particles; Nuclear Reactions; Stellar Evolution; Spacetime; Black Holes; Galaxies; etc.
by Søren Bertil F. Dorch - Scholarpedia
Encyclopedia of Astrophysics covers cosmology, stellar astrophysics, space exploration, extragalactic astronomy, solar physics, planetary physics, computational astrophysics, and history of astronomy. Written by researchers leading in their field.
by Mario Livio - arXiv.org
This review presents a brief summary of a few of the highlights of HST discoveries, discusses their physical implications, and identifies unsolved problems. A broad range of topics is covered, from our own solar system to cosmology.
by Nick Kaiser - University of Hawaii
These are the notes for an introductory graduate course. They are meant to be a 'primer' for students embarking on a Ph.D. in astronomy. The level is somewhat shallower than standard textbook courses, but quite a broad range of material is covered.