Publisher: Wikibooks 2010
Systems theory or general systems theory or systemics is an interdisciplinary field which studies systems as a whole. Systems theory focuses on complexity and interdependence. A system is composed of regularly interacting or interdependent groups of activities / parts that form a whole.
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by Heikki Hyotyniemi - Helsinki University of Technology
This report summarizes ten levels of abstraction - from the most elementary to the most general levels when modeling biological systems. The neocybernetic principles can be seen as the key to reaching a holistic view of complex processes in general.
by David Batten - Westview Press
This is an informal and revealing introduction to the ideas of modern systems theory and self-organization as they apply to problems in the economic realm. David Batten interleaves anecdotes and stories with technical discussions.
by Hiroki Sayama - Open SUNY Textbooks
This textbook offers an introduction to the modeling and analysis of complex systems. Topics covered: fundamentals of modeling, basics of dynamical systems, discrete-time models, continuous-time models, bifurcations, chaos, cellular automata, etc.
by Ida Russakoff Hoos - University of California Press
This is an inquiry into systems analysis, its origin and applications, its uses and abuses, its present impact and future implications. Systems analysis requires serious contemplation because of its central role in public planning.