by Thomas Taylor, A. J. Valpy
Number of pages: 286
Theoretic arithmetic, in three books: containing the substance of all that has been written on this subject by Theo of Smyrna, Nicomachus, Iamblichus, and Boetius, together with some remarkable particulars respecting perfect, amicable, and other numbers, which are not to be found in the writings of any ancient or modern mathematicians. Likewise, a specimen of the manner in which the Pythagoreans philosophized about numbers, and a development of their mystical and theological arithmetic.
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by Wissam Raji - The Saylor Foundation
These are notes for an undergraduate course in number theory. Proofs of basic theorems are presented in an interesting and comprehensive way that can be read and understood even by non-majors. The exercises broaden the understanding of the concepts.
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Textbook on number theory and elliptic curves. It discusses primes, factorization, continued fractions, quadratic forms, computation, elliptic curves, their applications to algorithmic problems, and connections with problems in number theory.
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An introduction to the elementary techniques of number theory: division and factorization, arithmetic functions, congruences, quadratic residues, sums of integer squares, elementary prime number theory, Gauss sums and quadratic reciprocity.
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One might think that of all areas of mathematics arithmetic should be the simplest, but it is a surprisingly deep subject. It is assumed that students have some familiarity with set theory, calculus, and a certain amount of mathematical maturity.