Quantum Computing: Progress and Prospects
by Emily Grumbling, Mark Horowitz
Publisher: National Academies Press 2018
Number of pages: 206
Quantum mechanics, the subfield of physics that describes the behavior of very small (quantum) particles, provides the basis for a new paradigm of computing. First proposed in the 1980s as a way to improve computational modeling of quantum systems, the field of quantum computing has recently garnered significant attention due to progress in building small-scale devices. However, significant technical advances will be required before a large-scale, practical quantum computer can be achieved.
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We will study the properties that distinguish quantum information from classical information. And we will see how these properties can be exploited in the design of quantum algorithms that solve certain problems faster than classical algorithms can.
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