The world according to the Hubble Space Telescope
by Mario Livio
Publisher: arXiv.org 2008
Number of pages: 112
The Hubble Space Telescope (HST), in its thirteen years of operation, has allowed us to observe properties of the universe humans have been able, until very recently, to probe only with their thoughts. This review presents a brief summary of a few of the highlights of HST discoveries, discusses their physical implications, and identifies unsolved problems. A broad range of topics is covered, from our own solar system to cosmology. The topics fall into the general categories of: planets (including both in the solar system and extrasolar), stellar evolution, black holes (including both of stellar-mass and supermassive), galaxy formation and evolution, the determination of cosmological parameters, and the nature of the recently discovered "dark energy".
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by George Forbes
This book starts with the ancient Chinese, the Chaldeans, Greeks, and Arabs, then Copernicus and others of the Renaissance, and lastly the 18th and 19th centuries. Topics included are the telescope, the sun, moon, planets and the stars.
by John Favill - Cornell Maritime Press
Astronomy, time, the astronomical triangle, trigonometry and reliable procedures for position finding are explained. The Primer takes into account all the stumbling blocks, and moves progressively from the simple fundamentals to the complex problems.
by Michael Perryman - arXiv
The history of astrometry, the branch of astronomy dealing with the positions of celestial objects, is a lengthy chronicle, having its origins in earliest records of astronomical observations, and extending to the high accuracy observations today.
by Nick Kaiser - University of Hawaii
These are the notes for an introductory graduate course. They are meant to be a 'primer' for students embarking on a Ph.D. in astronomy. The level is somewhat shallower than standard textbook courses, but quite a broad range of material is covered.