by Nick Bezhanishvili, Dick de Jongh
Publisher: Universiteit van Amsterdam 2010
Number of pages: 57
In this course we give an introduction to intuitionistic logic. We concentrate on the propositional calculus mostly, make some minor excursions to the predicate calculus and to the use of intuitionistic logic in intuitionistic formal systems, in particular Heyting Arithmetic. We have chosen a selection of topics that show various sides of intuitionistic logic.
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by Nuel Belnap - University of Pittsburgh
This course assumes you know how to use truth functions and quantifiers as tools. Our task here is to study these very tools. Contents: logic of truth functional connectives; first order logic of extensional predicates, operators, and quantifiers.
by Vilnis Detlovs, Karlis Podnieks - University of Latvia
From the table of contents: 1. Introduction. What Is Logic, Really?; 2. Propositional Logic; 3. Predicate Logic; 4. Completeness Theorems (Model Theory); 5. Normal Forms. Resolution Method; 6. Miscellaneous (Negation as Contradiction or Absurdity).
by Karlis Podnieks - University of Latvia
Textbook for students in mathematical logic and foundations of mathematics. Contents: Platonism, intuition and the nature of mathematics; Axiomatic Set Theory; First Order Arithmetic; Hilbert's Tenth Problem; Incompleteness Theorems; Godel's Theorem.
by Bertrand Russell - W. W. Norton & Company
Russell's classic sets forth his landmark thesis that mathematics and logic are identical -- that what is called mathematics is simply later deductions from logical premises. His ideas have had a profound influence on the foundations of mathematics.