An Introduction to the Theory of Numbers
by Leo Moser
Publisher: The Trillia Group 2007
Number of pages: 95
This book, which presupposes familiarity only with the most elementary concepts of arithmetic (divisibility properties, greatest common divisor, etc.), is an expanded version of a series of lectures for graduate students on elementary number theory. Topics include: Compositions and Partitions; Arithmetic Functions; Distribution of Primes; Irrational Numbers; Congruences; Diophantine Equations; Combinatorial Number Theory; and Geometry of Numbers.
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by Waclaw Sierpinski - ICM
The variety of topics covered here includes divisibility, diophantine equations, prime numbers, the basic arithmetic functions, congruences, the quadratic reciprocity law, expansion of real numbers into decimal fractions, and more.
by William Edwin Clark - University of South Florida
One might think that of all areas of mathematics arithmetic should be the simplest, but it is a surprisingly deep subject. It is assumed that students have some familiarity with set theory, calculus, and a certain amount of mathematical maturity.
by Thomas Taylor, A. J. Valpy
The substance of all that has been written on this subject by Nicomachus, Iamblichus, and Boetius, together with some particulars respecting perfect, amicable, and other numbers, which are not to be found in the writings of modern mathematicians.
by William Stein - Springer
Textbook on number theory and elliptic curves. It discusses primes, factorization, continued fractions, quadratic forms, computation, elliptic curves, their applications to algorithmic problems, and connections with problems in number theory.