forall x: An Introduction to Formal Logic
by P.D. Magnus
Number of pages: 160
forall x is an introduction to sentential logic and first-order predicate logic with identity, logical systems that significantly influenced twentieth-century analytic philosophy. After working through the material in this book, a student should be able to understand most quantified expressions that arise in their philosophical reading.
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by Nuel Belnap - University of Pittsburgh
Contents: Grammar; The art of the logic of truth-functional connectives; Quantifier proofs; A modicum of set theory; Symbolizing English quantifiers; Quantifier semantics - interpretation and counterexample; Theories; Definitions.
by Robert Goldblatt - Center for the Study of Language
Sets out the basic theory of normal modal and temporal propositional logics, applies this theory to logics of discrete, dense, and continuous time, to the temporal logic of henceforth, next, and until, and to the dynamic logic of regular programs.
by Stephen G. Simpson - The Pennsylvania State University
This is a set of lecture notes from a 15-week graduate course at the Pennsylvania State University. The course covered some topics which are important in contemporary mathematical logic and foundations but usually omitted from introductory courses.
by Gary Hardegree - UMass Amherst
Contents: Summary; Translations in Function Logic; Derivations in Function Logic; Translations in Identity Logic; Extra Material on Identity Logic; Derivations in Identity Logic; Translations in Description Logic; Derivations in Description Logic.