What is Mathematics: Gödel's Theorem and Around
by Karlis Podnieks
Publisher: University of Latvia 2013
Number of pages: 239
Hyper-textbook for students in mathematical logic and foundations of mathematics. Contents: Platonism, intuition and the nature of mathematics; Axiomatic Set Theory; First Order Arithmetic; Hilbert's Tenth Problem; Incompleteness Theorems; Around Goedel's Theorem.
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An undergraduate college level textbook covering first order predicate logic with identity but omitting metalogical proofs. The first rules of formal logic were written over 2300 years ago by Aristotle and are still vital.
by A. S. Troelstra - CSLI
This text deals with logical formalism, cut-elimination, the embedding of intuitionistic logic in classical linear logic, proofnets for the multiplicative fragment and the algorithmic interpretation of cut-elimination in proofnets.
by Stefan Bilaniuk
An introduction to mathematical logic for undergraduates. It supplies definitions, statements of results, and problems, along with some explanations, examples, and hints. The idea is to learn the material by solving the problems.
by Nuel Belnap - University of Pittsburgh
Contents: Grammar; The art of the logic of truth-functional connectives; Quantifier proofs; A modicum of set theory; Symbolizing English quantifiers; Quantifier semantics - interpretation and counterexample; Theories; Definitions.