by John C. Baez
Publisher: University of California 2001
Number of pages: 56
The octonions are the largest of the four normed division algebras. While somewhat neglected due to their nonassociativity, they stand at the crossroads of many interesting fields of mathematics. Here we describe them and their relation to Clifford algebras and spinors, Bott periodicity, projective and Lorentzian geometry, Jordan algebras, and the exceptional Lie groups. We also touch upon their applications in quantum logic, special relativity and supersymmetry.
Home page url
Download or read it online for free here:
by G.H.E. Duchamp, et al. - arXiv
This tutorial is intended to give an accessible introduction to Hopf algebras. The mathematical context is that of representation theory, and we also illustrate the structures with examples taken from combinatorics and quantum physics.
by David Surowski
A set of notes for a Higher Algebra course. It covers Group Theory, Field and Galois Theory, Elementary Factorization Theory, Dedekind Domains, Module Theory, Ring Structure Theory, Tensor Products, Zorn’s Lemma and some Applications.
by George M. Bergman - Henry Helson
From the contents: Free groups; Ordered sets, induction, and the Axiom of Choice; Lattices, closure operators, and Galois connections; Categories and functors; Universal constructions in category-theoretic terms; Varieties of algebras; etc.
by Pierre Schapira - University of Luxemburg
These lecture notes are an elementary introduction to the language of categories and sheaves. From the table of contents: Linear algebra over a ring; The language of categories; Sheaves (Flabby sheaves and soft sheaves, Cohomology of sheaves).