by Stephen G. Simpson
Publisher: Pennsylvania State University 2013
Number of pages: 128
This is a course of Mathematical Logic for all mathematics graduate students. The text covers the propositional calculus, the predicate calculus, proof systems for propositional and predicate calculus, extensions of the predicate calculus, theories, definability, interpretability, arithmetization and incompleteness.
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by Vilnis Detlovs, Karlis Podnieks - University of Latvia
From the table of contents: 1. Introduction. What Is Logic, Really?; 2. Propositional Logic; 3. Predicate Logic; 4. Completeness Theorems (Model Theory); 5. Normal Forms. Resolution Method; 6. Miscellaneous (Negation as Contradiction or Absurdity).
by Wolfgang Rautenberg - Springer
A well-written introduction to the beautiful and coherent subject. It contains classical material such as logical calculi, beginnings of model theory, and Goedel's incompleteness theorems, as well as some topics motivated by applications.
by A. S. Troelstra - CSLI
This text deals with logical formalism, cut-elimination, the embedding of intuitionistic logic in classical linear logic, proofnets for the multiplicative fragment and the algorithmic interpretation of cut-elimination in proofnets.
An undergraduate college level textbook covering first order predicate logic with identity but omitting metalogical proofs. The first rules of formal logic were written over 2300 years ago by Aristotle and are still vital.