forall x: An Introduction to Formal Logic
by P.D. Magnus
Number of pages: 160
forall x is an introduction to sentential logic and first-order predicate logic with identity, logical systems that significantly influenced twentieth-century analytic philosophy. After working through the material in this book, a student should be able to understand most quantified expressions that arise in their philosophical reading.
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by Robert A. Herrmann
This is Robert Herrmann's elementary book in mathematical logic that includes all basic material in the predicate and propositional calculus presented in a unique manner. Neither proof requires specialized mathematical procedures.
by Christopher C. Leary, Lars Kristiansen - Milne Library Publishing
In this book, readers with no previous study in the field are introduced to the basics of model theory, proof theory, and computability theory. The text is designed to be used either in an upper division undergraduate classroom, or for self study.
by Robert Goldblatt - Center for the Study of Language
Sets out the basic theory of normal modal and temporal propositional logics, applies this theory to logics of discrete, dense, and continuous time, to the temporal logic of henceforth, next, and until, and to the dynamic logic of regular programs.
by Gary Hardegree - UMass Amherst
Contents: Summary; Translations in Function Logic; Derivations in Function Logic; Translations in Identity Logic; Extra Material on Identity Logic; Derivations in Identity Logic; Translations in Description Logic; Derivations in Description Logic.