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The Ethics by Benedict de Spinoza
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by Benedict de Spinoza
Publisher: eBooks@Adelaide 2009
Spinoza uses the methods of Euclid to describe a single entity, properly called both 'God' and 'Nature', of which mind and matter are two manifestations. From this follow, in ways that are strikingly modern, the identity of mind and body, the necessary causation of events and actions, and the illusory nature of free will.