by Benedict de Spinoza
Publisher: eBooks@Adelaide 2009
Spinoza uses the methods of Euclid to describe a single entity, properly called both 'God' and 'Nature', of which mind and matter are two manifestations. From this follow, in ways that are strikingly modern, the identity of mind and body, the necessary causation of events and actions, and the illusory nature of free will.
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by Milton Valentine - Scott, Foresman & Co.
This volume's object is to furnish for students and general readers a compendious view of the ethical facts and principles as the author believes them to be established by the best accredited knowledge and thought of our times.
by Bertrand Russell
This is a famous but very controversial piece by Bertrand Russell. He examines several highly regarded arguments for the existence (or necessity) of God. His main point however is the possibility of morality based on another principle than God.
by Viscount Samuel - Oxford University Press
Ethics seeks to answer two questions: What is to be regarded as right and as wrong? Why should people do what is right and not do what is wrong? In other words, the questions are What is the content of morality? What is the sanction for morality?
by David L. Norton - University of California Press
At a time when politics and virtue seem less compatible than oil and water, Democracy and Moral Development shows how to bring the two together. Philosopher David Norton applies classical concepts of virtue to the premises of modern democracy.