A Practical Theory of Programming
by Eric C.R. Hehner
Publisher: Springer 2006
Number of pages: 243
Understanding programming and programming languages requires knowledge of the underlying theoretical model. This book explores aspects of programming that are amenable to mathematical proof. The author describes a programming theory which is much simpler and more comprehensive than the current theories to date. In the theoretical model, a specification is just a boolean expression and refinement is just an ordinary implication. The author develops a practical and broad method for writing precise specifications and designing programs whose executions probably satisfy the specifications.
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by Peter Selinger - Dalhousie University
Topics covered in these notes include the untyped lambda calculus, the Church-Rosser theorem, combinatory algebras, the simply-typed lambda calculus, the Curry-Howard isomorphism, weak and strong normalization, type inference, etc.
by Tobias Nipkow, Gerwin Klein - Springer
The book teaches the reader the art of precise logical reasoning and the practical use of a proof assistant as a tool for formal proofs about computer science artefacts. All the mathematics is formalised in Isabelle and much of it is executable.
by Morten Heine B. Sorensen, Pawel Urzyczyn - Elsevier Science
This book give an introduction to parts of proof theory and related aspects of type theory relevant for the Curry-Howard isomorphism. It can serve as an introduction to any or both of typed lambda-calculus and intuitionistic logic.
by Gary Hardegree - UMass Amherst
Contents: Basic Categorial Syntax; Shortcomings of Standard Categorial Syntax; Expanded Categorial Syntax; Examples of Expanded Categorial Syntax; Categorial Logic; Basic Categorial Semantics; Lambda-Abstraction; Expanded Categorial Semantics; etc.