Symbolic Logic: A Second Course
by Gary Hardegree
Publisher: UMass Amherst 2003
Number of pages: 246
Contents: Summary; Translations in Function Logic; Derivations in Function Logic; Translations in Identity Logic; Extra Material on Identity Logic; Derivations in Identity Logic; Translations in Description Logic; Derivations in Description Logic.
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by Johan van Benthem - CSLI
An examination of the role of partial information - with illustrations drawn from different branches of Intensional Logic - and various influences stemming from current theories of the semantics of natural language, involving generalized quantifiers.
by Bertrand Russell - University of Massachusetts Amherst
A very accessible mathematical classic. It sets forth in elementary form the logical definition of number, the analysis of the notion of order, the modern doctrine of the infinite, and the theory of descriptions and classes as symbolic fictions.
by Louis Couturat - Project Gutenberg
Mathematical Logic is a necessary preliminary to logical Mathematics. The present work is concerned with the 'calculus ratiocinator' aspect, and shows, in an admirably succinct form, the beauty of the calculus of logic regarded as an algebra.
by Wolfram Pohlers, Thomas Glass
This text treats pure logic and in this connection introduces to basic proof-theoretic techniques. Fundamentals of model theory and those of recursion theory are dealt with. Furthermore, some extensions of first order logic are treated.