by Nick Bezhanishvili, Dick de Jongh
Publisher: Universiteit van Amsterdam 2010
Number of pages: 57
In this course we give an introduction to intuitionistic logic. We concentrate on the propositional calculus mostly, make some minor excursions to the predicate calculus and to the use of intuitionistic logic in intuitionistic formal systems, in particular Heyting Arithmetic. We have chosen a selection of topics that show various sides of intuitionistic logic.
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by Johan van Benthem - CSLI
An examination of the role of partial information - with illustrations drawn from different branches of Intensional Logic - and various influences stemming from current theories of the semantics of natural language, involving generalized quantifiers.
This book provides a survey of mathematical logic and its various applications. After covering basic material of propositional logic and first-order logic, the course presents the foundations of finite model theory and descriptive complexity.
by Stephen G. Simpson - Pennsylvania State University
Lecture notes for all mathematics graduate students. The text covers propositional calculus, predicate calculus, proof systems, extensions of the predicate calculus, theories, definability, interpretability, arithmetization and incompleteness.
by Bertrand Russell - W. W. Norton & Company
Russell's classic sets forth his landmark thesis that mathematics and logic are identical -- that what is called mathematics is simply later deductions from logical premises. His ideas have had a profound influence on the foundations of mathematics.