A Problem Course in Mathematical Logic
by Stefan Bilaniuk
Number of pages: 166
A Problem Course in Mathematical Logic is intended to serve as the text for an introduction to mathematical logic for undergraduates with some mathematical sophistication. It supplies definitions, statements of results, and problems, along with some explanations, examples, and hints. The idea is for the students, individually or in groups, to learn the material by solving the problems and proving the results for themselves. The book should do as the text for a course taught using the modified Moore-method.
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by Stephen G. Simpson - Pennsylvania State University
Lecture notes for all mathematics graduate students. The text covers propositional calculus, predicate calculus, proof systems, extensions of the predicate calculus, theories, definability, interpretability, arithmetization and incompleteness.
by H. Andreka, I. Nemeti, I. Sain
Part I of the book studies algebras which are relevant to logic. Part II deals with the methodology of solving logic problems by (i) translating them to algebra, (ii) solving the algebraic problem, and (iii) translating the result back to logic.
by Stephen G. Simpson - The Pennsylvania State University
This is a set of lecture notes from a 15-week graduate course at the Pennsylvania State University. The course covered some topics which are important in contemporary mathematical logic and foundations but usually omitted from introductory courses.
An undergraduate college level textbook covering first order predicate logic with identity but omitting metalogical proofs. The first rules of formal logic were written over 2300 years ago by Aristotle and are still vital.