A Introduction to Proofs and the Mathematical Vernacular
by Martin Day
Publisher: Virginia Tech 2016
Number of pages: 147
The students taking this course have completed a standard technical calculus sequence. We now want them to start thinking in terms of properties of mathematical objects and logical deduction, and to get them used to writing in the customary language of mathematics. Another goal is to train students to read more involved proofs such as they may encounter in textbooks and journal articles.
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by Farshid Hajir - University of Massachusetts
Problem Solving, Inductive vs. Deductive Reasoning, An introduction to Proofs; Logic and Sets; Sets and Maps; Counting Principles and Finite Sets; Relations and Partitions; Induction; Number Theory; Counting and Uncountability; Complex Numbers.
by Larry W. Cusick - California State University, Fresno
Proofs are the heart of mathematics. What is the secret? The short answer is: there is no secret, no mystery, no magic. All that is needed is some common sense and a basic understanding of a few trusted and easy to understand techniques.
by Patrick Keef, David Guichard, Russ Gordon - Whitman College
Contents: Logic (Logical Operations, De Morgan's Laws, Logic and Sets); Proofs (Direct Proofs, Existence proofs, Mathematical Induction); Number Theory (The Euclidean Algorithm); Functions (Injections and Surjections, Cardinality and Countability).
by Joseph Fields - Southern Connecticut State University
The point of this book is to help you with the transition from doing math at an elementary level (concerned mostly with solving problems) to doing math at an advanced level (which is much more concerned with axiomatic systems and proving statements).