Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy
by Bertrand Russell
Publisher: University of Massachusetts Amherst 2009
Number of pages: 181
This book is intended for those who have no previous acquaintance with the topics of which it treats, and no more knowledge of mathematics than can be acquired at a primary school. It sets forth in elementary form the logical definition of number, the analysis of the notion of order, the modern doctrine of the infinite, and the theory of descriptions and classes as symbolic fictions.
Home page url
Download or read it online for free here:
by Nick Bezhanishvili, Dick de Jongh - Universiteit van Amsterdam
In this course we give an introduction to intuitionistic logic. We concentrate on the propositional calculus mostly, make some minor excursions to the predicate calculus and to the use of intuitionistic logic in intuitionistic formal systems.
by Vilnis Detlovs, Karlis Podnieks - University of Latvia
From the table of contents: 1. Introduction. What Is Logic, Really?; 2. Propositional Logic; 3. Predicate Logic; 4. Completeness Theorems (Model Theory); 5. Normal Forms. Resolution Method; 6. Miscellaneous (Negation as Contradiction or Absurdity).
by Nuel Belnap - University of Pittsburgh
This course assumes you know how to use truth functions and quantifiers as tools. Our task here is to study these very tools. Contents: logic of truth functional connectives; first order logic of extensional predicates, operators, and quantifiers.
by Wolfram Pohlers, Thomas Glass
This text treats pure logic and in this connection introduces to basic proof-theoretic techniques. Fundamentals of model theory and those of recursion theory are dealt with. Furthermore, some extensions of first order logic are treated.