The Algebra of Logic
by Louis Couturat
Publisher: Project Gutenberg 2004
Number of pages: 102
Mathematical Logic is a necessary preliminary to logical Mathematics. The present work is concerned with the "calculus ratiocinator" aspect, and shows, in an admirably succinct form, the beauty, symmetry and simplicity of the calculus of logic regarded as an algebra.
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by Edward Nelson - Princeton Univ Pr
The book based on lecture notes of a course given at Princeton University in 1980. From the contents: the impredicativity of induction, the axioms of arithmetic, order, induction by relativization, the bounded least number principle, and more.
by Nuel Belnap - University of Pittsburgh
This course assumes you know how to use truth functions and quantifiers as tools. Our task here is to study these very tools. Contents: logic of truth functional connectives; first order logic of extensional predicates, operators, and quantifiers.
by Bertrand Russell - W. W. Norton & Company
Russell's classic sets forth his landmark thesis that mathematics and logic are identical -- that what is called mathematics is simply later deductions from logical premises. His ideas have had a profound influence on the foundations of mathematics.
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The purpose of this book is to teach logic and mathematical reasoning in practice, and to connect logical reasoning with computer programming. The programming language that will be our tool for this is Haskell, a member of the Lisp family.