Publisher: Wikibooks 2009
An undergraduate college level textbook covering first order predicate logic with identity but omitting metalogical proofs. Formal Logic is a study of inference with purely formal content. The first rules of formal logic were written over 2300 years ago by Aristotle and are still vital to many modern disciplines like Linguistics and Computer Science.
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by Stefan Bilaniuk
An introduction to mathematical logic for undergraduates. It supplies definitions, statements of results, and problems, along with some explanations, examples, and hints. The idea is to learn the material by solving the problems.
by Edward Nelson - Princeton Univ Pr
The book based on lecture notes of a course given at Princeton University in 1980. From the contents: the impredicativity of induction, the axioms of arithmetic, order, induction by relativization, the bounded least number principle, and more.
by Gary Hardegree - UMass Amherst
Contents: Summary; Translations in Function Logic; Derivations in Function Logic; Translations in Identity Logic; Extra Material on Identity Logic; Derivations in Identity Logic; Translations in Description Logic; Derivations in Description Logic.
by P.D. Magnus
An introduction to sentential logic and first-order predicate logic with identity, logical systems that influenced twentieth-century analytic philosophy. The book should help students understand quantified expressions in their philosophical reading.