A practical guide to Basic Statistical Techniques for Data Analysis in Cosmology
by Licia Verde
Publisher: arXiv 2008
Number of pages: 52
This is the summary of 4 Lectures given at the XIX Canary islands winter school of Astrophysics: The Cosmic Microwave Background, from Quantum Fluctuations to the present Universe. Lectures were intended for master / beginning PhD students in cosmology.
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These notes are of introductory nature and suitable for graduate students and postdocs wanting to learn the basics of astroparticle physics and cosmology, with a focus on the question of the nature and detection methods of particle dark matter.
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Dwarf galaxies provide opportunities for drawing inferences about the processes in the early universe by observing our Local Group and its vicinity. This issue is a snapshot of the current state of the art of dwarf-galaxy cosmology.
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The author reviews the current state of determinations of the Hubble constant, which gives the length scale of the Universe by relating the velocity of objects to their distance. Many object-based measurements give H0 values of around 72-74km/s/Mpc.
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The accelerating expansion of the universe is the most surprising cosmological discovery in many decades, implying that the universe is dominated by dark energy. We review in detail the most well established methods for making such measurements.