An Illustrated Book of Bad Arguments
by Ali Almossawi, Alejandro Giraldo
Publisher: bookofbadarguments.com 2013
Number of pages: 64
This book is aimed at newcomers to the field of logical reasoning, particularly those who, to borrow a phrase from Pascal, are so made that they understand best through visuals. I have selected a small set of common errors in reasoning and visualized them using memorable illustrations that are supplemented with lots of examples. The hope is that the reader will learn from these pages some of the most common pitfalls in arguments and be able to identify and avoid them in practice.
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by Gary Hardegree - UMass Amherst
Contents: Basic Concepts; Classical SL; Absolute Modal Logic - System L; Relative Modal Logic - System K; Systems Between K and L; Modal Predicate Logic; General First-Order Logic; First-Order Modal Logic; First-Order Modal Logic with Actuality...
by Greg Restall - consequently.org
A textbook in philosophical logic, accessible to someone who's done only an intro course in logic, covering some model theory and proof theory of propositional logic, and predicate logic. User-friendly and philosophically motivated presentation.
by John Neville Keynes - The Macmillan Company
In addition to a detailed exposition of certain portions of Formal Logic, the following pages contain a number of problems worked out in detail and unsolved problems, by means of which the student may test his command over logical processes.
An undergraduate college level textbook covering first order predicate logic with identity but omitting metalogical proofs. The first rules of formal logic were written over 2300 years ago by Aristotle and are still vital.