A Friendly Introduction to Mathematical Logic
by Christopher C. Leary, Lars Kristiansen
Publisher: Milne Library Publishing 2015
Number of pages: 380
At the intersection of mathematics, computer science, and philosophy, mathematical logic examines the power and limitations of formal mathematical thinking. In this edition, readers with no previous study in the field are introduced to the basics of model theory, proof theory, and computability theory. The text is designed to be used either in an upper division undergraduate classroom, or for self study.
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by Karlis Podnieks - University of Latvia
Textbook for students in mathematical logic and foundations of mathematics. Contents: Platonism, intuition and the nature of mathematics; Axiomatic Set Theory; First Order Arithmetic; Hilbert's Tenth Problem; Incompleteness Theorems; Godel's Theorem.
by Bertrand Russell - University of Massachusetts Amherst
A very accessible mathematical classic. It sets forth in elementary form the logical definition of number, the analysis of the notion of order, the modern doctrine of the infinite, and the theory of descriptions and classes as symbolic fictions.
by Arnold W. Miller - arXiv
This is a set of questions written for a course in Mathematical Logic. Topics covered are: propositional logic; axioms of ZFC; wellorderings and equivalents of AC; ordinal and cardinal arithmetic; first order logic, and the compactness theorem; etc.
by Bertrand Russell - W. W. Norton & Company
Russell's classic sets forth his landmark thesis that mathematics and logic are identical -- that what is called mathematics is simply later deductions from logical premises. His ideas have had a profound influence on the foundations of mathematics.