Fundamental Concepts of Mathematics
by Farshid Hajir
Publisher: University of Massachusetts 2005
Number of pages: 69
Contents: Problem Solving, Inductive vs. Deductive Reasoning, An introduction to Proofs; Logic and Sets; Sets and Maps; Counting Principles and Finite Sets; (Equivalence) Relations and Partitions; Induction; Number Theory; Counting and Uncountability; Complex Numbers.
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by Alexander Bogomolny - Interactive Mathematics Miscellany and Puzzles
I'll distinguish between two broad categories. The first is characterized by simplicity. In the second group the proofs will be selected mainly for their charm. Most of the proofs in this book should be accessible to a middle grade school student.
by Peter J. Eccles - Cambridge University Press
This book introduces basic ideas of mathematical proof to students embarking on university mathematics. The emphasis is on constructing proofs and writing clear mathematics. This is achieved by exploring set theory, combinatorics and number theory.
by Patrick Keef, David Guichard, Russ Gordon - Whitman College
Contents: Logic (Logical Operations, De Morgan's Laws, Logic and Sets); Proofs (Direct Proofs, Existence proofs, Mathematical Induction); Number Theory (The Euclidean Algorithm); Functions (Injections and Surjections, Cardinality and Countability).
by Larry W. Cusick - California State University, Fresno
Proofs are the heart of mathematics. What is the secret? The short answer is: there is no secret, no mystery, no magic. All that is needed is some common sense and a basic understanding of a few trusted and easy to understand techniques.