The Elements of Non-Euclidean Geometry
by D.M.Y. Sommerville
Publisher: G.Bell & Sons Ltd. 1914
Number of pages: 158
Renowned for its lucid yet meticulous exposition, this text follows the development of non-Euclidean geometry from a fundamental analysis of the concept of parallelism to such advanced topics as inversion and transformations. It features the relation between parataxy and parallelism, the absolute measure, the pseudosphere, and Gauss' proof of the defect-area theorem.
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by Julian Lowell Coolidge - Oxford At The Clarendon Press
Chapters include: Foundation For Metrical Geometry In A Limited Region; Congruent Transformations; Introduction Of Trigonometric Formulae; Analytic Formulae; Consistency And Significance Of The Axioms; Geometric And Analytic Extension Of Space; etc.
by Roberto Bonola - Open Court Publishing Company
Examines various attempts to prove Euclid's parallel postulate - by the Greeks, Arabs and Renaissance mathematicians. It considers forerunners and founders such as Saccheri, Lambert, Legendre, Gauss, Schweikart, Taurinus, J. Bolyai and Lobachewsky.
by John William Withers - Open Court Publishing Co.
The parallel postulate is the only distinctive characteristic of Euclid. To pronounce upon its validity and general philosophical significance without endeavoring to know what Non-Euclideans have done would be an inexcusable blunder ...
by J.W. Cannon, W.J. Floyd, R. Kenyon, W.R. Parry - MSRI
These notes are intended as a relatively quick introduction to hyperbolic geometry. They review the wonderful history of non-Euclidean geometry. They develop a number of the properties that are particularly important in topology and group theory.