The Elements of Non-Euclidean Plane Geometry and Trigonometry
by Horatio Scott Carslaw
Publisher: Longmans, Green and co. 1916
Number of pages: 202
In this little book the author has attempted to treat the Elements of Non-Euclidean Plane Geometry and Trigonometry in such a way as to prove useful to teachers of Elementary Geometry in schools and colleges. Hyperbolic and elliptic geometry are covered.
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by J.W. Cannon, W.J. Floyd, R. Kenyon, W.R. Parry - MSRI
These notes are intended as a relatively quick introduction to hyperbolic geometry. They review the wonderful history of non-Euclidean geometry. They develop a number of the properties that are particularly important in topology and group theory.
by Roberto Bonola - Open Court Publishing Company
Examines various attempts to prove Euclid's parallel postulate - by the Greeks, Arabs and Renaissance mathematicians. It considers forerunners and founders such as Saccheri, Lambert, Legendre, Gauss, Schweikart, Taurinus, J. Bolyai and Lobachewsky.
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The parallel postulate is the only distinctive characteristic of Euclid. To pronounce upon its validity and general philosophical significance without endeavoring to know what Non-Euclideans have done would be an inexcusable blunder ...
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This text develops non-Euclidean geometry and geometry on surfaces at a level appropriate for undergraduate students who completed a multivariable calculus course and are ready to practice habits of thought needed in advanced undergraduate courses.