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Quarks: An Overview
- Wikipedia , 2014
A quark is an elementary particle and a fundamental constituent of matter. They combine to form hadrons, the most stable of which are protons and neutrons, the components of atomic nuclei. Quarks are never directly observed or found in isolation.
Particles of the Standard Model
- Wikipedia , 2014
The Standard Model of particle physics is a theory concerning the electromagnetic, weak, and strong nuclear interactions, which mediate the dynamics of subatomic particles. It was developed as a collaborative effort of scientists around the world.
The Particle World of Condensed Matter
by Helmut Eschrig - University of Technology Dresden , 2004
A unique conception applies with equal success to phenomena from the micro Kelvin range up to the temperatures of the 'big bang' of the universe. It is just this feature which proves the power of the physical approach to the exploration of nature.
- Wikipedia , 2014
Hadronic Matter e-book, from the table of contents: An overview; Quarks; Hadrons; Baryons; Mesons; Nuclei; Flavour; Weak interaction; Flavour tagging; Related topics; Selected biographies; Selected facilities and experiments; and more.
The Physics of Neutrinos
by R.Z. Funchal, B. Schmauch, G. Giesen - arXiv , 2013
We start by giving a panorama of neutrino experiments. We briefly discuss the history of neutrinos, their experimental discovery, the quest for neutrino flavor oscillations and the experiments that finally established them ...
Dark Matter and Other Elementary Particles
by Lee Schroeder - elementaryparticlesmodel.com , 2010
'Dark Matter and Other Elementary Particles' develops a spatial model of the elementary particles (e.g., proton, neutron, electron, quarks, nuclides, and mesons) for particle physics much as the 'ball and stick' model provides to chemistry.
The angular momentum controversy: What's it all about and does it matter?
by E. Leader, C. Lorce - arXiv , 2013
The general question, crucial to the internal structure of nucleon, of how to split the total angular momentum of a photon or gluon into spin and orbital contributions is one of the most important and interesting challenges faced by gauge theories.
The Particle Detector BriefBook
by R.K. Bock, A. Vasilescu - CERN, Geneva , 1999
This is a handbook, or an extended glossary, written in encyclopedic format, covering subjects around particle detectors, the underlying physics, and the analysis of their data. It is both introduction for newcomers and reference for physicists.
Particle Physics 1
by Marcel Merk - Nikhef , 2011
These are lecture notes to the 1-st year master course. Topics covered: Concepts and History; Electrodynamics of spinless particles; Electrodynamics of spin 1/2 particles; The Weak interaction; Electroweak scattering: The Standard Model.
Nuclear and Particle Physics
by Jenny Thomas - University College London , 2000
These notes will provide introductory coverage of modern particle physics, complete coverage of nuclear physics principals relevant to modern day nuclear physics usage, and comprehensive coverage of principals of particle detection and measurement.
Elementary Particles in Physics
by S. Gasiorowicz, P. Langacker - University of Pennsylvania , 2005
Elementary-particle physics deals with the fundamental constituents of matter and their interactions. In this comprehensive article we shall attempt to sketch the outlines of the standard model and its possible extensions.
Introduction to Elementary Particle Physics
by Bengt Friman - GSI , 2012
Goals: Obtain an overview of the elementary building blocks of matter and their properties; Get an overview of the fundamental interactions; Introduce fundamental theoretical concepts: Symmetries, conservation laws; Compute simple processes.
Introduction to the Standard Model of the Electro-Weak Interactions
by Jean Iliopoulos - arXiv , 2013
These are lectures which I gave at the 2012 CERN Summer School. They cover the basics of gauge symmetries and the phenomenon of spontaneous symmetry breaking which are used in the construction of the Standard Model of the Electro-Weak Interactions.
Introduction to High Energy Physics
by Dan Kabat - Columbia University , 2011
Contents: The particle zoo; Flavor SU(3) and the eightfold way; Quark properties; Chiral spinors and helicity amplitudes; Spontaneous symmetry breaking; Chiral symmetry breaking; Effective field theory and renormalization; and more.
Collider Physics within the Standard Model: a Primer
by Guido Altarelli - arXiv , 2013
These are graduate lecture notes on Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) and the theory of Electroweak (EW) Interactions, with main focus on Collider Physics. I hope that these lectures can provide an introduction to the subject for the interested reader.
An Introduction to Universality and Renormalization Group Techniques
by Alessandro Sfondrini - arXiv , 2012
These lecture notes have been written for a short introductory course on universality and renormalization group techniques given at the VIII Modave School in Mathematical Physics, intended for PhD students and researchers new to these topics.
by Eugene Kennedy - InTech , 2012
Interest in particle physics continues among scientists and the general public. This book includes theoretical aspects, with chapters outlining the generation model and a charged Higgs boson model as alternative scenarios to the Standard Model.
Nuclear and Particle Physics
by Niels Walet - UMIST , 2003
In these lecture notes the author shall discuss nuclear and particle physics on a somewhat phenomenological level. The mathematical sophistication shall be rather limited, with an emphasis on the physics and on symmetry aspects.
Informal Lectures on Lattice Gauge Theory
by Guy D. Moore - McGill University , 2003
The object is to introduce the ideas behind lattice gauge theory, with an intended audience of quantum field theorists with no lattice experience. The author concentrates on field theory aspects which are elucidated by lattice gauge theory.
by A. De Roeck, R.S. Thorne - arXiv , 2011
Structure functions are a measure of the partonic structure of hadrons. This is an overview on present structure function and related data, and on the techniques used to extract parton distribution functions to describe the structure of the proton.
Particle Physics and Inflationary Cosmology
by Andrei Linde - arXiv , 2005
Linde offers a thorough investigation of modern cosmology and its relation to elementary particle physics, including a large introductory section containing a complete discussion of inflationary cosmology for those not yet familiar with the theory.
Proceedings of the 2009 CERN-Latin-American School of High-Energy Physics
by C. Grojean, M. Spiropulu - CERN , 2010
These proceedings contain lectures on quantum field theory, quantum chromodynamics, physics beyond the Standard Model, neutrino physics, flavour physics and CP violation, particle cosmology, high-energy astro-particle physics, and heavy-ion physics.
The Standard Model
by Thomas Teubner - Rutherford Appleton Laboratory , 2008
From the table of contents: QED as an Abelian Gauge Theory; Non-Abelian Gauge Theories; Quantum Chromodynamics; Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking; The Standard Model with one Family; Additional Generations; Neutrinos; Supersymmetry.
Neutrino Physics Overview
by J. W. F. Valle - arXiv , 2006
Seesaw-type and low-scale models of neutrino masses are reviewed, along with the corresponding structure of the lepton mixing matrix. The status of neutrino oscillation parameters as of June 2006 is given, including recent fluxes.
Elements of Group Theory
by F. J. Yndurain - arXiv , 2007
The following notes are the basis for a graduate course. They are oriented towards the application of group theory to particle physics, although some of it can be used for general quantum mechanics. They have no pretense of mathematical rigor.
Semi-Simple Lie Algebras and Their Representations
by Robert N. Cahn - The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing , 1984
Designed to acquaint students of particle physics with techniques applicable to all simple Lie algebras, this text is especially suited to the study of grand unification theories. Subjects include simple roots and the Cartan matrix, and more.
An Introduction to Heavy Mesons
by Benjamin Grinstein - arXiv , 1995
Introductory lectures (delivered at the VI Mexican School of Particles and Fields) on heavy quarks and heavy quark effective field theory. Applications to inclusive semileptonic decays and to interactions with light mesons are covered in detail.
Big Bang Nucleosynthesis and Physics Beyond the Standard Model
by Subir Sarkar - arXiv , 1996
We first present a pedagogical account of relativistic cosmology and primordial nucleosynthesis, discussing both theoretical and observational aspects, and then examine such constraints in detail, in particular those pertaining to new particles.
Particle Physics Aspects of Modern Cosmology
by Robert H. Brandenberger - arXiv , 1997
Modern cosmology has created a tight link between particle physics / field theory and a wealth of new observational data on the structure of the Universe. These notes focus on some aspects concerning the connection between theory and observations.
by R. D. Peccei - arXiv , 1999
These lectures describe some aspects of the physics of massive neutrinos. After a brief introduction of neutrinos in the Standard Model, the author discusses possible patterns for their masses. A discussion of Dirac and Majorana masses is included.
Non-Abelian Discrete Symmetries in Particle Physics
by Hajime Ishimori, at al. - arXiv , 2010
The authors review pedagogically non-Abelian discrete groups, which play an important role in the particle physics. They show group-theoretical aspects for many concrete groups, such as representations, their tensor products.
Neutrino masses and mixings and...
by Alessandro Strumia, Francesco Vissani - arXiv , 2010
The authors review experimental and theoretical results related to neutrino physics with emphasis on neutrino masses and mixings, and outline possible lines of development. The physics is presented in a simple way, avoiding unnecessary formalisms.
Quantum Principles and Particles
by Walter Wilcox - Baylor University , 1992
This is an introductory text, it includes material which overlaps with particle physics, including a number of interesting models as well as material on identical particles. The ideas of quantum mechanics are introduced via Process Diagrams.
Lessons in Particle Physics
by Luis Anchordoqui, Francis Halzen - arXiv , 2009
This is a preliminary draft of lecture notes for a (500 level) course in elementary particles. From the table of contents: General Principles; Symmetries and Invariants; QED; Hard Scattering Processes; Precision Electroweak Physics.
Elementary Particle Physics
by Paolo Franzini - University of Rome , 2009
The Electromagnetic Interaction; The Weak Interaction; Strangeness; Quark Mixing; Quantum Chromodynamics; Hadron Spectroscopy; High Energy Scattering; The Electro-weak Interaction; Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking, the Higgs Scalar; etc.
A Simple Introduction to Particle Physics
by M. Robinson, K. Bland, G. Cleaver, J. Dittmann, T. Ali - arXiv , 2008
An introduction to the relevant mathematical and physical ideas that form the foundation of Particle Physics, including Group Theory, Relativistic Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Field Theory and Interactions, Abelian and Non-Abelian Gauge Theory, etc.
Review of Particle Physics 2008
by L. Alvarez-Gaume - Elsevier , 2008
This Review summarizes much of particle physics. We list, evaluate, and average measured properties of gauge bosons, leptons, quarks, mesons, and baryons. We also summarize searches for hypothetical particles such as Higgs bosons and heavy neutrinos.
Cosmic Rays and the Search for a Lorentz Invariance Violation
by Wolfgang Bietenholz - arXiv , 2008
This is an introductory review about the on-going search for a signal of Lorentz Invariance Violation (LIV) in cosmic rays. The author first summarizes basic aspects of cosmic rays, focusing on rays of ultra high energy (UHECRs).
by Clifford V. Johnson - arXiv , 2000
A collection of lecture notes on D-branes, which may be used as preparation for applications to modern research applications such as the AdS/CFT and other gauge theory/geometry correspondences, Matrix Theory and stringy non-commutative geometry, etc.
The Universe in a Helium Droplet
by Grigory E. Volovik - Oxford University Press , 2003
There are fundamental relations between two vast areas of physics: particle physics and cosmology (micro- and macro-worlds). The main goal of this book is to establish and define the connection of these two fields with condensed matter physics.
Cosmology for Particle Physicists
by U. A. Yajnik - arXiv , 2008
We begin with a recapitulation of General Relativity, and the Standard Model of Cosmology. This is followed by lectures on inflation, density perturbations, study of hot and cold relics decoupled from the remaining constituents, and baryon asymmetry.
Relativistic Quantum Dynamics
by Eugene V. Stefanovich , 2008
A non-traditional perspective on space, time, particles, fields, and action-at-a-distance. This book is an attempt to build a consistent relativistic quantum theory of interacting particles. The developed theory is applied to realistic physical objects.
Introduction to Groups, Invariants and Particles
by Frank W. K. Firk - Orange Grove Texts Plus , 2000
This is an introduction to group theory, with an emphasis on Lie groups and their application to the study of symmetries of the fundamental constituents of matter. The text was written for seniors and advanced juniors, majoring in the physical sciences.