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Astrophysics

e-books in Astrophysics category

Book cover: Mathematical Problems Of Radiative EquilibriumMathematical Problems Of Radiative Equilibrium
by - Cambridge University Press ,
Schwarzschild's work on absorption and diffusion in the sun's atmosphere rendered the theory of radiative equilibrium a definite chapter of mathematical astrophysics. Besides the known results the reader will also find discussions of other models.
(227 views)
Book cover: High Performance Computing and Numerical ModellingHigh Performance Computing and Numerical Modelling
by - arXiv ,
These are lecture notes about high performance computing and numerical modelling in 43rd Saas Fee Advanced Course winter school, specifically covering the basics of numerically treating gravity and hydrodynamics in the context of galaxy evolution.
(3683 views)

Book cover: Plasma Physics of Extreme Astrophysical EnvironmentsPlasma Physics of Extreme Astrophysical Environments
by - arXiv ,
In this review, after describing the extreme astrophysical systems of interest and identifying the key relevant plasma-physical problems, we survey the recent progress in the development of QED-based relativistic quantum plasma physics theory.
(5019 views)
Book cover: Ultrahigh Energy Cosmic Rays: Facts, Myths, and LegendsUltrahigh Energy Cosmic Rays: Facts, Myths, and Legends
by - arXiv ,
These lectures are aimed at graduate students in astrophysics/particle theory/particle experiment. We explain the important progress made in recent years towards understanding the experimental data on cosmic rays with energies higher than 10e8 GeV.
(2181 views)
Book cover: Neutrinos and the StarsNeutrinos and the Stars
by - arXiv ,
The role of neutrinos in stars is introduced for students with little prior astrophysical exposure. We begin with neutrinos as an energy-loss channel in ordinary stars and how stars provide information on neutrinos and possible other particles.
(2222 views)
Book cover: Black-Hole PhenomenologyBlack-Hole Phenomenology
by - arXiv ,
This set of lectures is an introduction to black-hole astrophysics. The emphasis is made on the phenomenology of X-ray binaries and of supermassive compact objects at galactic centers. Notes to the lectures given at the School on Particle Physics...
(2601 views)
Book cover: Primordial Nucleosynthesis: from precision cosmology to fundamental physicsPrimordial Nucleosynthesis: from precision cosmology to fundamental physics
by - arXiv ,
We present an up-to-date review of Big Bang Nucleosynthesis. We discuss the improvements which have been achieved in the past decades on the overall theoretical framework, summarize the impact of new experimental results on nuclear reaction rates.
(4515 views)
Book cover: Stellar SuperfluidsStellar Superfluids
by - arXiv ,
Neutron stars provide a fertile environment for exploring superfluidity. It is not surprising that Cooper pairing occurs in dense matter since nucleon pairing is observed in nuclei as energy differences between even-even and odd-even nuclei.
(4345 views)
Book cover: Radiative Processes in High Energy AstrophysicsRadiative Processes in High Energy Astrophysics
by - arXiv ,
Lecture notes for a university course. Contents: Some Fundamental definitions; Bremsstrahlung and black body; Beaming; Synchrotron emission and absorption; Compton scattering; Synchrotron Self-Compton; Pairs; Active Galactic Nuclei.
(4803 views)
Book cover: Recent Developments in Gravitational Collapse and Spacetime SingularitiesRecent Developments in Gravitational Collapse and Spacetime Singularities
by - arXiv ,
The research of recent years has provided considerable clarity and insight on stellar collapse, black holes and the nature and structure of spacetime singularities. In this text, the authors discuss several of these developments here.
(4493 views)
Book cover: Multi-messenger Astronomy and Dark MatterMulti-messenger Astronomy and Dark Matter
by - arXiv ,
These notes are of introductory nature and suitable for graduate students and postdocs wanting to learn the basics of astroparticle physics and cosmology, with a focus on the question of the nature and detection methods of particle dark matter.
(5640 views)
Book cover: Supernova Remnants: The X-ray PerspectiveSupernova Remnants: The X-ray Perspective
by - arXiv ,
Supernova remnants are beautiful astronomical objects that are also of high scientific interest, because they provide insights into supernova explosion mechanisms, and because they are the likely sources of Galactic cosmic rays.
(4574 views)
Book cover: Radiative Gas DynamicsRadiative Gas Dynamics
by - Ohio State University ,
This course is a graduate-level introduction to gas dynamical processes in astrophysics. Its goal is to teach you the basic concepts and equations of gas dynamics and to illustrate the application of gas dynamics to astrophysics.
(5179 views)
Book cover: Lectures on Black Holes, Topological Strings and Quantum AttractorsLectures on Black Holes, Topological Strings and Quantum Attractors
by - arXiv ,
In these lecture notes, the author reviews some recent developments on the relation between the macroscopic entropy of four-dimensional BPS black holes and the microscopic counting of states, beyond the thermodynamical, large charge limit.
(5488 views)
Book cover: High Energy AstrophysicsHigh Energy Astrophysics
by - The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing ,
This book describes the methods and results of modern astrophysical phenomenology and modelling for advanced undergraduates or beginning graduate students. It is meant to be explanatory and expository, rather than complete or definitive.
(6612 views)
Book cover: Introduction to CosmologyIntroduction to Cosmology
by - arXiv ,
These notes form an introduction to cosmology with special emphasis on large scale structure, the cmb anisotropy and inflation. In some places a basic familiarity with particle physics is assumed, but otherwise no special knowledge is needed.
(6889 views)
Book cover: TASI Lectures: Introduction to CosmologyTASI Lectures: Introduction to Cosmology
by - arXiv ,
These proceedings summarize lectures in elementary particle physics at the University of Colorado at Boulder. They provide a pedagogical introduction to cosmology aimed at advanced graduate students in particle physics and string theory.
(7010 views)
Book cover: Introduction to Non-Baryonic Dark MatterIntroduction to Non-Baryonic Dark Matter
by - arXiv ,
These lectures on non-baryonic dark matter discuss the need for non-baryonic dark matter in light of recent results, and present some of the most popular candidates for non-baryonic dark matter - neutrinos, axions, neutralinos, etc.
(5636 views)
Book cover: An Introduction to Cosmic Rays and Gamma-Ray BurstsAn Introduction to Cosmic Rays and Gamma-Ray Bursts
by - arXiv ,
The author reviews the subjects of non-solar cosmic rays and long-duration gamma-ray bursts. This is a version of an introductory talk to high-energy physicists. Nothing besides the standard model is required to understand CRs of any energy.
(6396 views)
Book cover: Gravitational Wave Experiments and Early Universe CosmologyGravitational Wave Experiments and Early Universe Cosmology
by - arXiv ,
Gravitational-wave experiments with interferometers and with resonant masses can search for stochastic backgrounds of gravitational waves of cosmological origin. We review both experimental and theoretical aspects of the search for these backgrounds.
(6438 views)
Book cover: Quantization in Astrophysics, Brownian Motion, and SupersymmetryQuantization in Astrophysics, Brownian Motion, and Supersymmetry
by - MathTiger ,
The present book discusses, among other things, various quantization phenomena found in Astrophysics and some related issues including Brownian Motion. Most chapters in this book come from published papers in various peer-reviewed journals.
(6879 views)
Book cover: A Primer for Black Hole Quantum PhysicsA Primer for Black Hole Quantum Physics
by - arXiv ,
The mechanisms which give rise to Hawking radiation are revealed by analyzing pair production. Three problems are considered: pair production in an external electric field, thermalization of a uniformly accelerated detector and accelerated mirrors.
(8107 views)
Book cover: Why CMB physics?Why CMB physics?
by - arXiv ,
This text introduces some basic problems arising in gravitation and modern cosmology. All along the discussion the guiding theme is provided by the phenomenological and theoretical properties of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB).
(7700 views)
Book cover: Introductory Lectures on Quantum CosmologyIntroductory Lectures on Quantum Cosmology
by - arXiv ,
The modern approach to quantum cosmology, as initiated by Hartle and Hawking, Linde, Vilenkin and others. We explain how one determines the consequences for the late universe of a given quantum theory of cosmological initial or boundary conditions.
(7660 views)
Book cover: Dense Matter in Compact StarsDense Matter in Compact Stars
by - arXiv ,
Cold and dense nuclear and quark matter can be found in the interior of compact stars. The author gives a pedagogical introduction to microscopic calculations based on phenomenological models, effective theories, and perturbative QCD.
(7196 views)
Book cover: Cosmic Rays and the Search for a Lorentz Invariance ViolationCosmic Rays and the Search for a Lorentz Invariance Violation
by - arXiv ,
This is an introductory review about the on-going search for a signal of Lorentz Invariance Violation (LIV) in cosmic rays. The author first summarizes basic aspects of cosmic rays, focusing on rays of ultra high energy (UHECRs).
(9747 views)
Book cover: Introduction to the Theory of Black HolesIntroduction to the Theory of Black Holes
by - Utrecht University ,
Contents: The Metric of Space and Time; Curved coordinates; A short introduction to General Relativity; Gravity; The Schwarzschild Solution; The Chandrasekhar Limit; Gravitational Collapse; The Reissner-Nordstrom Solution; Horizons; and more.
(15484 views)
Book cover: Black HolesBlack Holes
by - arXiv ,
Notes for a course taught in part III of the Cambridge University Mathematical Tripos: gravitational collapse, Schwarzschild black hole, charged black holes; rotating black holes; energy and angular momentum; black hole mechanics; Hawking radiation.
(9009 views)
Book cover: Elements of AstrophysicsElements of Astrophysics
by - University of Hawaii ,
These are the notes for an introductory graduate course. They are meant to be a 'primer' for students embarking on a Ph.D. in astronomy. The level is somewhat shallower than standard textbook courses, but quite a broad range of material is covered.
(9269 views)