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Plasma Physics of Extreme Astrophysical EnvironmentsPlasma Physics of Extreme Astrophysical Environments
by Dmitri A. Uzdensky, Shane Rightley - arXiv , 2014
In this review, after describing the extreme astrophysical systems of interest and identifying the key relevant plasma-physical problems, we survey the recent progress in the development of QED-based relativistic quantum plasma physics theory.
(1644 views)

Ultrahigh Energy Cosmic Rays: Facts, Myths, and LegendsUltrahigh Energy Cosmic Rays: Facts, Myths, and Legends
by Luis Alfredo Anchordoqui - arXiv , 2011
These lectures are aimed at graduate students in astrophysics/particle theory/particle experiment. We explain the important progress made in recent years towards understanding the experimental data on cosmic rays with energies higher than 10e8 GeV.
(1310 views)

Neutrinos and the StarsNeutrinos and the Stars
by Georg Raffelt - arXiv , 2012
The role of neutrinos in stars is introduced for students with little prior astrophysical exposure. We begin with neutrinos as an energy-loss channel in ordinary stars and how stars provide information on neutrinos and possible other particles.
(1586 views)

Black-Hole PhenomenologyBlack-Hole Phenomenology
by Neven Bilic - arXiv , 2006
This set of lectures is an introduction to black-hole astrophysics. The emphasis is made on the phenomenology of X-ray binaries and of supermassive compact objects at galactic centers. Notes to the lectures given at the School on Particle Physics...
(1616 views)

Primordial Nucleosynthesis: from precision cosmology to fundamental physicsPrimordial Nucleosynthesis: from precision cosmology to fundamental physics
by F. Iocco, G. Mangano, G. Miele, O. Pisanti, P.D. Serpico - arXiv , 2009
We present an up-to-date review of Big Bang Nucleosynthesis. We discuss the improvements which have been achieved in the past decades on the overall theoretical framework, summarize the impact of new experimental results on nuclear reaction rates.
(1095 views)

Stellar SuperfluidsStellar Superfluids
by Dany Page, et al. - arXiv , 2013
Neutron stars provide a fertile environment for exploring superfluidity. It is not surprising that Cooper pairing occurs in dense matter since nucleon pairing is observed in nuclei as energy differences between even-even and odd-even nuclei.
(1243 views)

Radiative Processes in High Energy AstrophysicsRadiative Processes in High Energy Astrophysics
by Gabriele Ghisellini - arXiv , 2012
Lecture notes for a university course. Contents: Some Fundamental definitions; Bremsstrahlung and black body; Beaming; Synchrotron emission and absorption; Compton scattering; Synchrotron Self-Compton; Pairs; Active Galactic Nuclei.
(2528 views)

Recent Developments in Gravitational Collapse and Spacetime SingularitiesRecent Developments in Gravitational Collapse and Spacetime Singularities
by Pankaj S. Joshi, Daniele Malafarina - arXiv , 2012
The research of recent years has provided considerable clarity and insight on stellar collapse, black holes and the nature and structure of spacetime singularities. In this text, the authors discuss several of these developments here.
(3378 views)

Multi-messenger Astronomy and Dark MatterMulti-messenger Astronomy and Dark Matter
by Las Bergstrom - arXiv , 2012
These notes are of introductory nature and suitable for graduate students and postdocs wanting to learn the basics of astroparticle physics and cosmology, with a focus on the question of the nature and detection methods of particle dark matter.
(2973 views)

Supernova Remnants: The X-ray PerspectiveSupernova Remnants: The X-ray Perspective
by Jacco Vink - arXiv , 2011
Supernova remnants are beautiful astronomical objects that are also of high scientific interest, because they provide insights into supernova explosion mechanisms, and because they are the likely sources of Galactic cosmic rays.
(2605 views)

Radiative Gas DynamicsRadiative Gas Dynamics
by David Weinberg - Ohio State University , 2007
This course is a graduate-level introduction to gas dynamical processes in astrophysics. Its goal is to teach you the basic concepts and equations of gas dynamics and to illustrate the application of gas dynamics to astrophysics.
(2819 views)

Lectures on Black Holes, Topological Strings and Quantum AttractorsLectures on Black Holes, Topological Strings and Quantum Attractors
by Boris Pioline - arXiv , 2007
In these lecture notes, the author reviews some recent developments on the relation between the macroscopic entropy of four-dimensional BPS black holes and the microscopic counting of states, beyond the thermodynamical, large charge limit.
(3128 views)

High Energy AstrophysicsHigh Energy Astrophysics
by Jonathan Katz - The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing , 1986
This book describes the methods and results of modern astrophysical phenomenology and modelling for advanced undergraduates or beginning graduate students. It is meant to be explanatory and expository, rather than complete or definitive.
(6672 views)

Introduction to CosmologyIntroduction to Cosmology
by David H Lyth - arXiv , 1993
These notes form an introduction to cosmology with special emphasis on large scale structure, the cmb anisotropy and inflation. In some places a basic familiarity with particle physics is assumed, but otherwise no special knowledge is needed.
(6027 views)

Introduction to Supersymmetry: Astrophysical and Phenomenological ConstraintsIntroduction to Supersymmetry: Astrophysical and Phenomenological Constraints
by Keith A. Olive - arXiv , 1999
These lectures on supersymmetry contain a pedagogical description of supersymmetric theories and the minimal supersymmetric standard model. Phenomenological and cosmological consequences of supersymmetry are also discussed.
(3663 views)

TASI Lectures: Introduction to CosmologyTASI Lectures: Introduction to Cosmology
by Mark Trodden, Sean M. Carroll - arXiv , 2004
These proceedings summarize lectures in elementary particle physics at the University of Colorado at Boulder. They provide a pedagogical introduction to cosmology aimed at advanced graduate students in particle physics and string theory.
(4482 views)

Introduction to Non-Baryonic Dark MatterIntroduction to Non-Baryonic Dark Matter
by Paolo Gondolo - arXiv , 2004
These lectures on non-baryonic dark matter discuss the need for non-baryonic dark matter in light of recent results, and present some of the most popular candidates for non-baryonic dark matter - neutrinos, axions, neutralinos, etc.
(3493 views)

An Introduction to Cosmic Rays and Gamma-Ray BurstsAn Introduction to Cosmic Rays and Gamma-Ray Bursts
by A. De Rujula - arXiv , 2007
The author reviews the subjects of non-solar cosmic rays and long-duration gamma-ray bursts. This is a version of an introductory talk to high-energy physicists. Nothing besides the standard model is required to understand CRs of any energy.
(3939 views)

Gravitational Wave Experiments and Early Universe CosmologyGravitational Wave Experiments and Early Universe Cosmology
by Michele Maggiore - arXiv , 2000
Gravitational-wave experiments with interferometers and with resonant masses can search for stochastic backgrounds of gravitational waves of cosmological origin. We review both experimental and theoretical aspects of the search for these backgrounds.
(4007 views)

Quantization in Astrophysics, Brownian Motion, and SupersymmetryQuantization in Astrophysics, Brownian Motion, and Supersymmetry
by F. Smarandache, V. Christianto - MathTiger , 2007
The present book discusses, among other things, various quantization phenomena found in Astrophysics and some related issues including Brownian Motion. Most chapters in this book come from published papers in various peer-reviewed journals.
(4427 views)

A Primer for Black Hole Quantum PhysicsA Primer for Black Hole Quantum Physics
by R. Brout, S. Massar, R. Parentani, P. Spindel - arXiv , 2007
The mechanisms which give rise to Hawking radiation are revealed by analyzing pair production. Three problems are considered: pair production in an external electric field, thermalization of a uniformly accelerated detector and accelerated mirrors.
(5061 views)

Why CMB physics?Why CMB physics?
by Massimo Giovannini - arXiv , 2007
This text introduces some basic problems arising in gravitation and modern cosmology. All along the discussion the guiding theme is provided by the phenomenological and theoretical properties of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB).
(4251 views)

Introductory Lectures on Quantum CosmologyIntroductory Lectures on Quantum Cosmology
by J. J. Halliwell - arXiv , 1990
The modern approach to quantum cosmology, as initiated by Hartle and Hawking, Linde, Vilenkin and others. We explain how one determines the consequences for the late universe of a given quantum theory of cosmological initial or boundary conditions.
(5145 views)

Dense Matter in Compact StarsDense Matter in Compact Stars
by Andreas Schmitt - arXiv , 2010
Cold and dense nuclear and quark matter can be found in the interior of compact stars. The author gives a pedagogical introduction to microscopic calculations based on phenomenological models, effective theories, and perturbative QCD.
(4989 views)

Cosmic Rays and the Search for a Lorentz Invariance ViolationCosmic Rays and the Search for a Lorentz Invariance Violation
by Wolfgang Bietenholz - arXiv , 2008
This is an introductory review about the on-going search for a signal of Lorentz Invariance Violation (LIV) in cosmic rays. The author first summarizes basic aspects of cosmic rays, focusing on rays of ultra high energy (UHECRs).
(6804 views)

Introduction to the Theory of Black HolesIntroduction to the Theory of Black Holes
by Gerard 't Hooft - Utrecht University , 2009
Contents: The Metric of Space and Time; Curved coordinates; A short introduction to General Relativity; Gravity; The Schwarzschild Solution; The Chandrasekhar Limit; Gravitational Collapse; The Reissner-Nordstrom Solution; Horizons; and more.
(10561 views)

Black HolesBlack Holes
by P.K. Townsend - arXiv , 1997
Notes for a course taught in part III of the Cambridge University Mathematical Tripos: gravitational collapse, Schwarzschild black hole, charged black holes; rotating black holes; energy and angular momentum; black hole mechanics; Hawking radiation.
(10279 views)

Elements of AstrophysicsElements of Astrophysics
by Nick Kaiser - University of Hawaii , 2002
These are the notes for an introductory graduate course. They are meant to be a 'primer' for students embarking on a Ph.D. in astronomy. The level is somewhat shallower than standard textbook courses, but quite a broad range of material is covered.
(14213 views)